Trent Biggs' research interests include the impacts of land use on hydrology, water quality, and sediment. Dr Biggs and his students use satellite imagery, fieldwork, and modeling to diagnose and analyze water-related problems that impact the environment and human welfare. His field locations include American Samoa, southern India, the Himalaya, and the US-Mexico border region. Most recently he and a team of students have analyzed the environmental consequences of urbanization on the US-Mexico border, with an emphasis on the origins of sediment that has damaged local estuaries.
Biggs, T. W., Petropoulos, G. P., Velpuri, N. M., Marshall, M. T., Glenn, E. P., Nagler, P. L., & Messina, A. T. (in press). Remote Sensing of Evapotranspiration from Cropland. In Handbook of Remote Sensing. Wiley & Sons.
Biggs, T. W., Lai, C.-T., Chandan, P., Lee, R. M., Messina, A., Lesher, R. S., & Khatoon, N. (2015). Evaporative fractions and elevation effects on stable isotopes of high elevation lakes and streams in arid western Himalaya. Journal of Hydrology, 522(0), 239–249.
Lee, R. M., & Biggs, T. W. (2014). Impacts of land use, climate variability, and management on thermal structure, anoxia, and transparency in hypereutrophic urban water supply reservoirs. Hydrobiologia, 1–22.
Biggs, T. W., Gangadhara Rao, P., & Bharati, L. (2010). Mapping agricultural responses to water supply shocks in large irrigation systems, southern India. Agricultural Water Management, 97(6), 924–932.
Biggs, T. W., Atkinson, E., Powell, R., & Ojeda-Revah, L. (2010). Land cover following rapid urbanization on the US-Mexico border: Implications for conceptual models of urban watershed processes. Landscape and Urban Planning, 96(2), 78–87
Temesgen Garoma is a Professor of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering. The emphasis of his research and teaching is on water and wastewater treatment, resource recovery, and renewable energy. His current research is focused on biofuels and bioproducts production from algal biomass, resource recovery from wastewater, and integration of wastewater treatment with energy production. In the past, he has worked on research projects that focused on the application of advanced oxidation processes, e.g. ozone/UV, ozone/H2O2, and H2O2/Fenton and on the formation of disinfection byproducts during ozonation and chlorination of drinking water and wastewater effluents.
Garoma, T.; Janda, D. 2016. Investigation of the effects of microalgal cell concentration and electroporation, microwave and ultrasonication on lipid extraction efficiency. Renewable Energy 86,117–123.
Garoma, T.; Nguyen, D. 2015. Anaerobic Co-digestion of Microalgae Scenedesmus sp. and TWAS for Biomethane Production. Water Environment Research doi:10.2175/WERD1400167.1
Garoma, T.; Shackelford, T. 2014. Electroporation of Chlorella vulgaris to enhance biomethane production. Bioresource Technology 169, 778-783.
Garoma, T.; Williams, C. 2013. Enhanced anaerobic digestion as a sanitation and energy recovery technology. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 4, 572-581.
Liu, X.; Garoma, T.; Chen, Z.; Wang, L.; Wu, Y. 2012. SMX degradation by ozonation and UV radiation: A kinetic study. Chemosphere 87, 1134-1140.
Richard M. Gersberg is currently a Professor (and Head of the Division) of Environmental Health in the Graduate School of Public Health at San Diego State University (SDSU). He has an M.S. degree in biology and a Ph.D degree in environmental microbiology from the University of California, Davis. Dr. Gersberg specializes in water quality research, and has broad experience with both drinking water and wastewater treatment, constructed wetlands for water purification, and ecological and human health risk assessments for chemicals of concern. Dr. Gersberg has conducted a number of studies on the detection, quantitation, and risk posed by metals, viruses, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals and person care products in aquatic systems all over the world including the Venice Lagoon, Italy, the Salton Sea, California and the Elbe River, Germany. He is currently a member of the Independent Advisory Panel for two indirect potable reuse projects in the region- the City of San Diego’s Water Purification Demonstration Project and Padre Dam Municipal Water District’s Full Advanced Water Treatment (FAT) Demonstration Project.
Zhang, D., Hua, T., Xiao, F., Chen, C., Gersberg, R.M., Liu, Y., Stuckey, D., Ng, W.J. and S.K. Tan. 2015. Phytotoxicity and bioaccumulation of ZnO nanoparticles in Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani. Chemosphere 120:211-9.
Zhang, D.Q., Jinadasa, K.B., Gersberg, R.M., Liu, Y., Ng, W.J. and Tan S.K. 2014. Application of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in developing countries--a review of recent developments (2000-2013). J. Environ. Manage. 141: 116-31.
Stigler-Granados, P., Quintana, P.J.E., Gersberg, R., Zuniga, M.L., and T Novotny. 2014. Comparing health outcomes and point-of-use water quality in two rural indigenous communities of Baja California, Mexico before and after receiving new potable water infrastructure. J. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Develop. 4: 672-680.
Zhang, D.Q., Tao, H., Xiao, F., Chen, C., Gersberg, R.M., Liu, Y., Ng, W.J. and S.K. Tan. 2014. Uptake and accumulation of CuO nanoparticles and CdS/ZnS quantum dot nanoparticles by Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani in hydroponic mesocosms. Ecological Engineering 09; 70:114–123.
Zhang, D.Q., Gersberg, R.M., Ng, W.J. and S.K. Tan. 2014. Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in aquatic plant-based systems: a review. Environ Pollut.: 184:620-39.
Alicia Kinoshita investigates the disturbance of natural watershed processes to improve the prediction and management of hydrologic fluxes. She incorporates field data, remote sensing products, and modeling to evaluate the response and recovery of impacted watersheds. Her research primarily focuses on post-fire hydrology water quality, vegetation recovery, and long-term flow regimes.
Florsheim, J. L., Chin, A., Kinoshita, A. M., and Nourbakhshbeidokhti, S.* (2017) Effect of storms during drought on post-wildfire recovery of channel sediment dynamics and habitat in the southern California chaparral, USA. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms, doi: 10.1002/esp.4117.
Kinoshita, A. M., Chin, A., Simon, G. L., Briles, C., Hogue, T. S., O’Dowd, A. P. O'Dowd, A. K. Gerlak, & Albornoz, A. U. (2016). Wildfire, Water, and Society: Toward Integrative Research in the “Anthropocene”. Anthropocene, 16, 16-27.
Kinoshita, A.M. & Hogue, T. S. (2015). Increased dry season water yield in burned watersheds in southern California. Environmental Research Letters 10(1). DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/1/014003.
Kinoshita, A. M., Hogue, T. S., & Napper, C. (2014). Evaluating Pre‐and Post‐Fire Peak Discharge Predictions across Western US Watersheds. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 50(6), 1540-1557. DOI: 10.1111/jawr.12226.
Kinoshita, A.M., Hogue, T.S., Napper C. (2013). A guide for pre- and post-fire modeling and application in the Western U.S. General Technical Report (GTR), USDA Forest Service.
Kinoshita, A. M., Hogue, T. S., Barco, J., & Wessel, C. (2013). Chemical flushing from an urban-fringe watershed: hydrologic and riparian soil dynamics. Environmental Earth Sciences, 1-11. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-013-3011-x.
Burke, M. P., Hogue, T. S., Kinoshita, A. M., Barco, J., Wessel, C., & Stein, E. D. (2013). Pre-and post-fire pollutant loads in an urban fringe watershed in Southern California. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 185(12), 10131-10145. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-013-3318-9.
Stein, E. D., Brown, J. S., Hogue, T. S., Burke, M. P., & Kinoshita, A. (2012). Stormwater contaminant loading following southern California wildfires. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 31(11), 2625-2638. DOI: 10.1002/etc.1994.
Hilary McMillan investigates how large-scale watershed hydrology dynamics arise from multiscale water interactions with soils, plants, people and landscape. Her research has included developing public and commercial hydrologic models to forecast river flow and floods, and conducting fieldwork in environments from pristine mountain watersheds to high-yield agricultural regions. In the San Diego area, Hilary and her students are using methods such as hydrologic process mapping and water isotope tracking, to discover how humans alter watershed dynamics in urban areas.
McMillan, H., (2020). Linking hydrologic signatures to hydrologic processes: A review. Hydrological Processes. 34: 1393– 1409. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.13632
Branger, F, McMillan, H., (2020). Deriving hydrological signatures from soil moisture data. Hydrological Processes. 34: 1410– 1427. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.13645
McMillan, H., Seibert, J., Petersen-Overleir, A., et al. (2017). How uncertainty analysis of streamflow data can reduce costs and promote robust decisions in water management applications. Water Resources Research 53, 5220–5228. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016WR020328
de Boer‐Euser, T., McMillan, H., Hrachowitz, M., Winsemius, H. C., Savenije, H. H. (2016). Influence of soil and climate on root zone storage capacity. Water Resources Research 52, 2009–2024. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015WR018115
McMillan, H., Booker, D.J., Cattoën, C., (2016). Validation of a national hydrological model. Journal of Hydrology. 51 (b): 800:815. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.07.043
Natalie Mladenov's research is motivated by the increasing importance of protecting and restoring surface water and ground water quality in the face of water scarcity. Her research probes the fundamental processes that drive the cycling of carbon and nutrients and influence the mobility of contaminants in aquatic ecosystems. She is also passionate about promoting internationalization in engineering research and education on topics related related to water, sanitation, and water reuse.
N. Mladenov, Y. Zheng, B. Simone, T. M. Bilinski, D. M. McKnight, D. Nemergut, K. A. Radloff, M. M. Rahman, and K. M. Ahmed. 2015. "Dissolved Organic Matter Quality in a Shallow Aquifer of Bangladesh: Implications for Arsenic Mobility" Environmental Science & Technology, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b01962.
J. Rüegg, J. J. Eichmiller, N. Mladenov, and W. K. Dodds. 2015. "Dissolved organic carbon concentration and flux in prairie streams: spatial and temporal patterns and processes from long-term data." Biogeochemistry, Published online first: DOI 10.1007/s10533-015-0134-z.
N. Mladenov, D.M. McKnight, S.A. Macko, M. Norris, R.M. Cory, and L. Ramberg. 2007. “Chemical characterization of DOM in channels of a seasonal wetland.” Aquatic Sciences, 69(4): 456-471, DOI: 10.1007/s00027-007-0905-2.
N. Mladenov, D.M. McKnight, P. Wolski, and M. Murray-Hudson. 2007. “Simulation of DOM fluxes in a seasonal floodplain of the Okavango Delta, Botswana” Ecological Modelling, 205: 181-195.
N. Mladenov, K.M. Strzepek, and O.M. Serumola. 2005. “Water Quality Modeling of an Effluent-Dominated Stream, the Notwane River, Botswana.” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 109/1-3: 97-121.
Amy Quandt is an environmental social scientist and human ecologist in the Department of Geography. Her work addresses issues of environmental conservation, sustainable development, and building livelihood resilience to the impacts of climate change. Recent research projects have focused on agroforestry in East Africa and the use of mobile technology in agricultural development, and understanding local perceptions of drought and climate change. She spent 5 years living and working in East Africa working with international organizations that place an importance on grassroots movements and local participation including the World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya Red Cross Society, Peace Corps Tanzania, and USAID, and she is fluent in Swahili. Lastly, Amy is working in Imperial County, California to better understand farmer decision-making in the face of recent environmental, economic, and policy changes.
Quandt, A. 2022. The role of qualitative social science. Discussion of “Guiding principles for hydrologists conducting interdisciplinary research and fieldwork with participants.” The Hydrological Sciences Journal. doi: 10.1080/02626667.2022.2060107.
Quandt, A. 2021. Coping with drought: narratives from smallholder farmers in semi-arid Kenya. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 57: 102168. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102168.
Quandt, A. 2020. Contribution of agroforestry trees for climate change adaptation: narratives from smallholder farmers in Isiolo, Kenya. Agroforestry Systems: 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s10457-020-00535-0.
Quandt, A., Salerno, J., Neff, J., Baird, T. Herrick, J., McCabe, J. T., Xu, E., and J. Hartter. 2020. Mobile phone use is associated with higher smallholder agricultural productivity in Tanzania, East Africa. PLoS ONE 15(8): e0237337. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0237337.
Quandt, A., Herrick, J., Peacock, G., Salley, S., Buni, A., Mkalawa, C., and J. Neff. 2020. A standardized land capability classification system for land evaluation using mobile phone technology. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 75(3): 1-11. doi:10.2489/jswc.2020.00023.
Matthew E. Verbyla directs research at the Safe WaTER Lab at SDSU, which seeks to better understand the health-related microbiological processes in engineered natural systems and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) systems, especially those that incorporate water reuse and resource recovery. His research focuses on the fate, transport, and detection of pathogens and pathogen surrogates in wastewater systems and the environment, quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA), microbial source tracking (MST), and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) for development.
Rocha, A.Y., *Verbyla, M.E., Sant, K., *Mladenov, N. (2022). Detection, quantification, and simplified wastewater surveillance model of SARS-CoV-2 in the Tijuana River. ACS ES&T Water (in press). DOI: 10.1021/acsestwater.2c00062
Calderón, J.S., Verbyla, M.E., Gil, M., Pinongcos, F., Kinoshita, A.M., *Mladenov, N. (2022). Persistence of fecal indicators and microbial source tracking markers in water flushed from riverbank soils. Water, Soil, & Air Pollution, 233(83): 1–13. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-022-05542-8
*Ahmed, W., Bivins, A., Metcalf, S., Smith, W.J.M., Verbyla, M.E., Symonds, E.M., Simpson, S.L. (2022). Evaluation of process limits of detection and quantification variation of SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR and RT-dPCR assays for wastewater surveillance. Water Research, 118132. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2022.118132
*Verbyla, M.E., Calderón, J.S., Flanigan, S., Garcia, M., Gersberg, R., Kinoshita, A.M., Mladenov, N., Pinongcos, F., Welsh, M. (2021). An assessment of ambient water quality and challenges with access to water and sanitation services for individuals experiencing homelessness in riverine encampments. Environmental Engineering Science, 38(5): 389–401. DOI: 10.1089/ees.2020.0319
Espinosa, M.F., Verbyla, M.E., Vassalle, L., Machado, A.T., Zhao, F., Gaunin, A., *Mota, C.R. (2021). Reduction and partitioning of viral and bacterial indicators in a UASB reactor followed by high rate algal ponds treating domestic sewage. Science of the Total Environment, 760, 144309. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144309
(Blue Gold faculty co-authors denoted in bold; *denotes corresponding author)